Published on: January 23rd, 2022
By: المستشار ماهر الديري

Federal Skilled Worker Program


Six Selection Factors of FSW Program

There are some points allocated for each factor and together it is a 100-point grid. You will be qualified to apply if you score 67 points or higher out of 100.

Six Selection Factors of FSW Program

Canada immigration points calculator is the main tool to select the best immigration candidates. Canada chooses skilled immigrants as permanent residents based on their ability to settle in Canada and take part in our economy. Our system to manage how people with skilled work experience apply to immigrate to Canada is called Express Entry.

Federal skilled workers’ minimum requirement


If you meet all the conditions set out in the minimum requirements, we’ll assess your application based on these factors are:

  • age
  • education
  • work experience
  • Whether you have a valid job offer
  • English and/or French language skills
  • adaptability (how well you’re likely to settle here)

These factors are part of a 100-point grid used to assess federal skilled workers. You earn points for how well you do in each of the six factors. Your total points will show if you qualify for the Express Entry pool. The current pass mark is 67 points.


You must:

You must show that you meet the requirements in English or French. Your test results must not be more than two years old on the day you apply for permanent residence.

CLB LevelAbility: SpeakingAbility: ListeningAbility: ReadingAbility: WritingPoints per ability
76.06.0 –
10 and above7.5 – 9.08.5 – 9.08.0 – 9.07.5 – 9.06
CLB LevelAbility: SpeakingAbility: ListeningAbility: ReadingAbility: WritingPoints (total)
5 and above5.0 – 9.05.0 – 9.04.0 – 9.05.0 – 9.04


If you went to school in Canada, you must have a certificate, diploma or degree from a Canadian:

  • secondary (high school) or
  • post-secondary school

If you have foreign education, you must have:

Assessment result (Canadian equivalency)Level of education for Express Entry profileFederal Skilled Workers Program factor points
Applied Bachelor’s DegreeBachelor’s degree or other programs (three or more years) at a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute21
Applied Bachelor’s degree with a focus in [area of concentration]Bachelor’s degree or other programs (three or more years) at a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute21
Associate DegreeTwo-year degree, diploma or certificate from a program at a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute19
Associate of [Arts/Science] degree Two-year degree, diploma or certificate from a program at a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute19
Bachelor of LawsProfessional degree needed to practice in a licensed profession23
Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy degree Professional degree needed to practice in a licensed profession23
Bachelor of Technology degree with a focus in [area of concentration]Bachelor’s degree or other programs (three or more years) at a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute21
Bachelor’s DegreeBachelor’s degree or other programs (three or more years) at a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute21

Please See the following website

Work experience (maximum 15 points)

You can get points for the number of years you’ve spent doing full-time paid work (at least 30 hours per week, or an equal amount of part-time [15 hours per week for 24 months]) at skill type 0, or skill levels A or B of the 2016 National Occupational Classification.

To get selection factor points, your work experience will count if it was:

  • in Canada or abroad
  • while you were studying
  • while being self-employed

If the description and list of main duties match what you did at your job(s), you can count this experience for points.

Use this chart to find the number of points based on your number of years of experience.

ExperienceMaximum 15 points
1 year9
2-3 years11
4-5 years13
6 or more years15

Age (maximum 12 points)

You’ll get points based on your age on the day we get your application.

Under 180
47 and older0

Adaptability (maximum 10 points)

You and your spouse or common-law partner who will immigrate with you to Canada can earn points for adaptability.

You and your spouse can earn a maximum of 10 points by combining any of the elements below. These elements assess how well you and your spouse are likely to settle in Canada.

AdaptabilityMaximum 10 points
Your spouse or partner’s language levelYour spouse or common-law partner has a language level in either English or French at CLB 4 level or higher in all 4 language abilities (speaking, listening, reading and writing).To get these points, you must submit your spouse or common-law partner’s test results from an approved agency when you apply. The language tests are valid for 2 years after the date of the test result. They must be valid on the day you apply for permanent residence.5
Your past studies in CanadaYou completed at least 2 academic years of full-time study (in a program at least 2 years long) at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada. Full-time study means at least 15 hours of classes per week. You must have stayed in good academic standing (as set out by the school) during that time.5
Your spouse or partner’s past studies in CanadaYour spouse or common-law partner completed at least 2 academic years of full-time study (in a program at least 2 years long) at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada. Full-time study means at least 15 hours of classes per week, and your spouse or partner must have stayed in good academic standing (as set out by the school) during that time.5
Your past work in Canada you did at least 1 year of full-time work in Canada: In a job listed in Skill Type 0 or Skill Levels A or B of the National Occupational Classification (NOC). And, with a valid work permit, or while authorized to work in Canada.10
Your spouse or common-law partner’s past work in CanadaYour spouse or partner did at least 1 year of full-time work in Canada on a valid work permit or while authorized to work in Canada.5
Arranged employment in CanadaYou earned points for having arranged employment.5
Relatives in CanadaYou, or your spouse or common-law partner, have a relative who is: living in Canada18 for years or older and a Canadian citizen or permanent resident relative must be a: parent and parent-child grandchild your or your spouse’s sibling (child of your or your spouse’s parent)your or your spouse’s aunt or uncle (by blood or marriage)your or your spouse’s niece or nephew (grandchild of your or your spouse’s parent)5


You must show that you have enough money to support yourself and your family after you arrive in Canada unless you:

  • are currently able to legally work in Canada
  • have a valid job offer from an employer in Canada

This table shows the minimum amount you need to immigrate to Canada. If you have more money, you should list the full amount in your profile or application.

Number of
family members
Funds required
(in Canadian dollars)
For each additional family member$3,560


If you are applying on your own, you are the principal applicant.

If you have a live-in partner, either you or they can apply under Express Entry as a principal applicant if:

  • you are:
    • married
    • common-law partners, which means you:
      • are an opposite-sex or same-sex couple
      • have lived together in a marriage-like relationship for at least one year
  • both meet the requirements to apply as a Federal Skilled Worker


  • meet the eligibility requirements
  • earn the most points in the section factors
  • earn the most points under the Comprehensive Ranking System for Express Entry


  1. You must be admissible to Canada. Find out more about inadmissibility
  2. You must plan to live outside the province of Quebec

If you have skilled work experience and want to live in Canada permanently, use our Come to Canada tool to see if you’re eligible for the Express Entry pool.

Application procedure for Federal Skilled Worker visa

Below is the step-by-step process from eligibility check to getting your Canadian PR through the FSW Program.

Eligibility Criteria for Federal skilled worker program

Step 1: Check Your Eligibility

If you meet the minimum requirements then check if you’re able to get a minimum of 67 points with the above Federal Skilled Worker points calculator or from the point grid.

Step 2: Create Express Entry Profile

To create your Express Entry profile, you will need to provide the below 3 documents to IRCC (Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada).

  • Identification – A Valid Passport
  • Educational Credentials Assessment (ECA)
  • Language Proficiency Test Results

In Every FSW Canada draw applicant is screened for medical and criminal inadmissibility. So, apart from these 3 documents, you have to provide a few more documents like:

  • Medical examination report from an IRCC-recognized panel physician
  • Police clearance certificate from a local police station
  • Work experience letters from previous employers

Before proceeding to the next step you must check you’re CRS Score and if your score is below the average cut-off score, our immigration expert can guide you on how to increase your CRS Score.



Step 3: Receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA)

If an applicant is successful in receiving an ITA for Canadian PR, the candidate will have 60 days to submit an electronic Application for Permanent Residence (eAPR).

Step 4: Review your e-application& Getting Canadian PR

A Canadian Immigration officer will review your application and let you know if any other information is required. If everything is fine, your application will be approved & a confirmation of permanent residence (COPR) document will be sent.

Step 5: Apply for a PR card

Once you have your confirmation of status, you may then apply for your PR card. If you travel outside Canada, you may use this card as proof of your status in Canada.

Federal Skilled Worker Program Eligible Occupations

To apply for the FSW program, your work experience must be listed in the below skill types.

Occupations are Eligible for the FSW Program

Skill Type 0 (zero): Management jobs, such as restaurant managers, retail and wholesale trade managers, managers in food service and accommodation, and more.

Skill Level A: professional jobs that usually call for a degree from a university, including a range of Information Technology (IT) occupations, engineering and construction occupations, legal occupations, and more.

Skill Level B: technical jobs and skilled trades that usually call for a college diploma or training as an apprentice, such as chefs, plumbers, general office workers, retail salespersons, and more.

What are the Employment prospects in Canada?

The Canadian economy quickly recovered after the Covid-19 pandemic and the government has announced a recovery plan with welcoming over 1.2 million new immigrants by 2023. Canada offers many job opportunities in various exciting fields.

Below are the jobs that have high demand in Canada are:

  • IT professionals
  • Doctors
  • Nurses
  • Chartered accountants
  • Engineers
  • Managers and other corporate professionals.
  • Trade Senior managers
  • Construction senior managers
  • Employment in Broadcasting
  • Government officials in a senior position
  • Health senior managers
  • Education senior managers
  • Financial managers
  • Transportation managers
  • Human resources managers
  • Courier and postal service managers
  • Vocation training administrations
  • School principals
  • Employment in the Fire department
  • Community managers
  • Recreational program directors
  • Retail managers
  • Commissioned officers
  • Horticulture managers
  • Museum directors
  • Foodservice managers
  • Corporate sales managers
  • Architecture employment
  • Mining engineers
  • Aerospace engineers

There are a lot more occupations as stated under NOC that you can apply for FSWP immigration. A Canadian federal skilled worker would use their skill to improve society.

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Other Important FAQs

What are the differences between a work permit and skilled worker immigration?

The differences between getting a work permit and skilled worker immigration are as follows.

Work PermitSkilled Worker
You have a limited time period for workingUpon immigrating to Canada, you can work in your capacity for a long time
You have to return home after this work permit expiresYou can apply through this program for citizenship and immigration to Canada after 5 years
You have to apply for another program laterYou can get citizenship and immigration without reapplying for another program if you pass

What is the difference between a federal skilled visa and express entry?

The federal skilled worker program is a Category of Canadian Immigration program for permanent residence while the Express Entry is an online system to apply for a permanent residence through 3 different federal programs.

Federal Skilled VisaExpress Entry
Marks distribution has a minimum score: of 67 pointsIt does not have a minimum score; each factor has its minimum points
Having previous funds is a factorFunds are not a factor

What are some important things you have to remember with FSWP?

  • You should keep all your documents near you
  • Show proof in the application form of your education, skill in an official language, work experience, etc.
  • Good credentials like age, finance, etc., are important to qualify
  • You must attain at least a score of 67 out of 100 in the Federal Skilled Worker grid
  • A work permit is not the same as the federal skilled workers’ program
  • The eligibility factors you need to get citizenship in Canada
  • Types of skilled workers who can apply for this immigration
  • The differences between this program and the Express Entry immigration
  • The jobs that you can apply for after getting citizenship

Who can apply for the federal skilled worker program?

With the above selection factors, the candidates who can get at least 67 points out of 100-points are eligible to apply for Canada’s FSW program.

Can I go to Canada without a job offer?

Yes, you can go to Canada without a job offer in hand with a Federal skilled visa. You can search for work after getting there. You can also apply for jobs in India after receiving the visa. You get 3-6months to get to Canada after your visa is approved.

Which is the best place to migrate to Canada?

The popular Canadian destinations to get settled are Ontario and Saskatchewan. But it also depends on the area of your earlier work and its demand across Canada.

How much time does it take to get a Canadian PR through the FSW Program?

Most of the applications (around 80%) submitted under the federal skilled worker class are processed within six months. Some of the applicants have received ITAs in less than 4 months as well.